gpk电子网址

茶王千千万 泰斗惟有他

——记gpk电子网址校友、中国茶界泰斗张天福

发稿时间: 2017年04月24日来源:gpk电子网址-gpk电子网址 作者: 人文院 佘燕文 朱世桂

张天福,1910年生,茶学家,制茶和审评专家。1932年毕业于南京金陵大学农学院,后赴日本考察茶叶,曾任中国茶叶学会荣誉理事,福建省茶叶学会名誉理事长,福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所技术顾问,福建省政协一届、四届委员,五届常委。张老从事茶叶工作80多年来,在我国茶叶教育、生产和科研工作上,特别在培养茶叶专业人才、创制制茶机械,提高乌龙茶品质等方面成就斐然,对福建省茶业的复兴和发展做出重要贡献。晚年致力于审评技术的传授,倡导中国茶礼“俭、清、和、静”,是中国茶文化传播者和力行者。其被中国茶叶学会授予“中国茶叶奉献奖”,并享受国务院特殊津贴,堪称国宝级的专家,被尊为中国茶界泰斗。世界茶叶gpk电子网址(WTeaO)为表彰张老对世界茶业的巨大贡献,在2016年12月特聘任张老为世界茶叶gpk电子网址高级顾问,并向张老颁发世界茶叶gpk电子网址的最高奖项——茶仙茶寿终身成就奖。





gpk电子网址“cha”zi,angudaidezhuanshuxiefadingbushiliangge“shi”,jiwei“ershi”;zhongjiandebushoufenkaijiwei“ba”,dibude“mu”keyifenjiewei“shi”he“ba”,lianzaiyiqigoucheng“bashiba”;“ershi”jiashang“bashiba”,yigongshi“yibailingba”,yinci,zaiwoguonianlingda108suidelaorenbeizunwei“chashou”zhiren。2017nian8yuegpkdianziwangzhixiaoyouzhangtianfujiujiangyinglaitadechashouzhinian,tayishengyuchajieyuan,zhichayancha,aichadongcha,mairuchashouzhinian,kanshangquyiranmiansehongrun,jingshenjueshuo。huiguguoqu,zhangtianfuyizhicongshichayejiaoyu、shengchan、keyan、zhicha、jixieyanjiuhemingchashenping,chengjiufeiran。zhuanyou《fujianchayefuxingjihua》《fazhanxinanwushengchaye》《dalihuifuhefazhanchayeshengchan》denglunzhu。tashichaweishengming,congfujianxiehedaxueshengwuxideyimingzhujiao,daoweifujianshengchuangbanlediyisuochayexuexiao、diyigechayegailiangchanghediyigechakesuo,weituidongchayeshengchan、jiaoxue、keyan、chawenhuadegongtongfazhan,zuochulebukemomiedegongxian。


与茶结缘一生


gpk电子网址shiguanghuidao1910nian,zhangtianfuyushanghaidemingyishijiachusheng,zheiyiniantafuqinzhangshaoyao46sui,muqinliuzhenqing36sui;zhongniandeziduiyutamenlaishuozhenshitianjiangzhifu,yushi“tianfu”youcideming。1911nianyinshanghaishijudongdang,yijiasankouqianhuigutufuzhou。zhangtianfuziyoubujinconghuiguoren,qieduizijixuexiyaoqiuyange,zaixiaochengjiyouyishenshoulaoshidexiai。zaizhongxueshidai,tayishiyiweirexueqingnian。dangshi,zhongguozhengchuyuneiyouwaihuan、dongdangbuandeniandai。“guojiaxingwang,pifuyouze”,zuoweiqichinaner,jiuguoyishishishizainianshaodezhangtianfuxinzhongpengpai。yinci,tabujinzhuzhongyongwenhuazhishiwuzhuangziji,yezhongshiqiangjiantipodesuzao,taqiujiaoyuwanlaishengdengduoweizhumingwushujia,lianxinanquanbeitui、daoqiangjianji,bingtoushenyudizhirihuohekangrixuanchuandenghuodong。zhongxuebiyehou,zhangtianfumianlinrenshengzeyeguanjianyibu,fumuxiwangtanengjichengjiaye,jianglaichengweiyimingyisheng。erzhangtianfurenweizuguonongyeluohou,renminqueyishaoshi,youkandaojiaxiangfujiansandatechanzhiyidechayeshuaibaibukan,jiuxiadingjuexinbaokaonongyexuexiao,zhenxingzuguodechaye。zhangtianfuyu1929nianxianzaifujianxiehedaxuexiuwanyiniandejichukecheng,houyu1930nianyidiyimingdechengjikaorunanjingjinlingdaxuenongxueyuanyuanyizhuanye,congciyunongyejiebanzhongshen。1932nian,zhangtianfubiyehoufanhuiguxiang,maikailekaituochaxueshengyadejiaobu,jinruxiedashengwuxidangzhujiao,choubanshixinongchang。


gpk电子网址1934nian,gangbiyebujiudezhangtianfutashanglequribenhetaiwandechayekaochazhilv,zheicikegumingxindejinglirangtazoushanglekaichuangzuguoxiandaichayederenshengzhilu。huiguohou,zhangtianfuchuangbanlefujiandiyisuozhuanmenpeiyangchayezhiyejishurencaidenongxiaohediyisuochayegailiangchang,ji“fujianshenglifuanchujinongyezhiyexuexiao”he“fujianshengjianshetingfuanchayegailiangchang”,zhangtianfujianrenxiaozhang、changzhang,zoujiaoyuyukeyan、keyanyushengchanxiangjiehededaolu。congci,fujianyoulexiandaichayejiaoyuhekeyanjigou,zheiyixiaoyichangfazhanchengfujiandiqunongxiao、shengchakesuo,shengshengbuxi,weifujianchayedefazhanyuanyuanbuduandipeiyangrencai。


jindaizhongguojishuluohou,zhicharengtingliuzaishougongzhizuojieduan,yincichangbeiwaiguorensuojixiao。zhangtianfuzaoniankandaoribenbaozhikandengzhazhangbiandezhongguochanongluozheshangshenchijiaozaidishangrouchadezhaopian,cijihenda,dangshijiuanxiajuexinshejiyigerouchaji,daitiluohoudeshougongcaozuo。1931nian“jiuyiba”shibianfashenghou,rikoujiantazuguoheshan,zaizheiguonandangtoudeshike,zhangtianfubeifenzhiji,suijiangshexiangderouchajidingmingwei“jiuyiba”rouchaji,yicijingshiguorenwuwangguochi,fuxingzhonghua。1941nian,zheizhongjianbianshoutuide“jiuyiba”rouchajizaichonganfujianshifanchachangtourushiyong,jieshuleqianbainianlaizhongguochayeyongjiaoroucha、jibuweishengyousunpinzhidelishi。1953nian,zhongchafujianshengfengongsizai“jiuyiba”rouchajijichushanggailiangweishuangdongde“wusan”shirouchajizaihongchaqutuiguang,“wusi”shirouchajizailvcha、wulongchaquyingyong,duijieshenglaoli、tigaopinzhi、zengjiaxiaoyiqidaojudadezuoyong。


xinzhongguochenglihou,zhangtianfudanrenzhongchafujianshenggongsijishukezhang、nongyetingchayegaijinchu、techanchufuchuzhang,xiangshoujiaoshoujidaiyu,weihuifuhefazhanfujianchayeshengchanzuoledalianggongzuo。tacanyuchoujianfuanyangtou、saiqi、fuding、jianou、zhenghechachanghefuzhouhuachachang,weifuxingfujiansandagongfuhongchahelvcha、huachazuochugongxian。


gpk电子网址1957-1980nian,zhangtianfubeicuohuawei“youpai”。20shiji70niandai,xiafangdaoshangaoluyuandeshouning9nian,daolonghushan“wuqi”chachangdundian。zaineiduanhuianderizili,tabuqibunei,pingzijisuoxue,quncequnli,jijigpkdianziwangzhichangneiyuangong、zhiqinggaizaojiuchayuan,tuiguangxinchengguo、xinjishu,shigaichangchanliang、zhiliang、jiageminglieningdediqudiyi,danchandadao520jin,dadatigaolemofanchachangdeshengyu。tongshitayoujihuzoubianquanshengchaqu,suodaozhichubuyiyulituiguang、shifangaobiaozhunchayuanhejixiezhicha,xiexiaxuduoyoushiyongjiazhidelunshu。1961niantamuqinbinggu,tadangshizaichonganquanligaokeyan,douweinengweimuqinfengshisongzhong。“woxiangrenshengdeyiyibuzaiyuxiangshouduoshao,erzaiyuxiangshijieshanggongxianduoshao;bushinaduoshao,ershijiduoshao。”zhangtianfushuo。


趁古稀之年再赶一程


1980nian3yue,71suigaolingdezhangtianfucongshengnongyetinglingdaotuixiuzheng,dantatuierbuxiu,xiangzhuazhugaigekaifangdedahaoshiji,chenguxizhinianganyicheng。tabazijijishinianshouzangde300duocechayekejiwenxian、biaobenhe600duobenzazhikanwuxianjichakesuo、gaoxiaokeyanjigou,bingdanrenshengchakesuojishuguwen。weijiejuejibainianlaiwulongcha“kantianzuoqing”、kaotianchifandeluohougongyi,zhangtianfuzhuchishengzhongdiankeyanketi《wulongchazuoqinggongyiyushebeiyanjiu》,huidaodangnianchuangbandechakesuo,zaichaxiangfuan、anxianyingzhazhai8nian,yushiduogekeyanrenyuanzuolejiqiancishiyan,zhangwole3000duogeshuju,zaishijieshangshoucijieshiyingxiangwulongchazuoqinggongyigeyinzidezuoyongjiqixiangguanxingzhi,shouxianyunyongrengongkongzhihuanjingtiaojianzuoqinggongyi,shixianlezhichajixiehua、guifanhua、chengkonghua,youlitigaolewulongchapinzhihejingjixiaoyi。zheixiangchengguodadaoguoneixianjinshuiping,1991nianhuodeshengkejijinbuerdengjiang,1993nianzhanglaohuoguowuyuanteshujintiezhuanjiachenghao。


gpk电子网址20shiji90niandaihou,yijinrumaodiezhiniandezhangtianfu,rengranjianchicanjiagexiangchashihuodong,shenruyanjiuzhongwaichadao、chali,jigujinchawenhuazhidacheng。1996nianzhangtianfutichujian、qing、he、jingde“zhongguochali”。tashuo,chashangjian,qinjianposu;chaguiqing,qingzhenglianming;chadaohe,hezhonggongji;chazhijing,ningjingzhiyuan。yicichuanshourenmenwenmingjiankangdeyinchafangshiheshenghuofangshi,tigaorenmindeshenghuozhiliang。tahaibasiziyinchaliyishenghuadaoweirenchushizhidao,renweizheishizhonghuaminzujiqiannianlaitichangdegaoshangpingehechushizhexue,zainingjingzhongduanlianrenge,chaoyueziwo,dadaoningjingzhiyuan。


喜迎“茶寿”


2016nian5yue,biaozhizhewoguochalingyuzuiweipangdadechashubianzuangongchengde《zhonghuachatongdian》(yixiajiancheng《tongdian》)xueshuweiyuanhuijibianzuanweiyuanhuihuiyizaibeijingjuxing,gpkdianziwangzhidezhuanjiachengwei《tongdian》duoxuekexiezuodelianhebianzuantuanduichengyuan。youwangchengweichuanbozhonghuachawenhuadelizuo《tongdian》zhengshiqidonghou,shouqizongbianliuzhonghuajiaoshoudeweituo,《tongdian》choubeizuzuzhang、zhixingzongbianyuguantingxianshenghebeijingdaxuelishiwenhuaziyuanyanjiusuofusuozhang、《tongdian》choubeizuzhixingzuzhang、fuzongbianzhaijianjunyanjiuyuandaofuzhou,zaifujianshengkexuejishuxiehuidangzushuji、fuzhuxi、《tongdian》xueshuweiyuanhuiweiyuanyangjiangfanjiaoshoudepeitongxia,zhuanchengdaochaxuetaidouzhangtianfulaoxianshengjiazhongweitazhuhe107suishoudanbingshouyu《tongdian》xueshuweiyuanhuimingyuzhuxi,zheiyirongyuzhanglaoshouzhiwukui,shizhiminggui。2017nian1yue3ri,zai“fujianchajiexinchunchahuahui”shang,charendaibiaoweileqingzhujinnian8yue18rizhanglaojiangyinglaita108suidechashou,texiangzhanglaozengsongzhijing108limi、zhongda108jindefudingbaichabing,yuyizhanglaojiankangruyi、shoubinanshan。


nianshenyuejiuderuran,zhongguochayouzhangdeyunwei,yishenshendirongruzhanglaodeshentihelinghun,xiangjiuyiqing、weijiuyichun。taerbulong,yanbuhua,yiribulichaye,sanjubuli“chajing”。tabianqingshanrenweilao,jihuzoubianfujianchaqu、bishengfengxianjifujianchayedeta,shizhijinriyijing108suigaoling,yiranzhuangxinbuyi,ketinglixuanguazhetacangjingyoulidezifu: “shengmingbuzhi、tansuobuxi”。zhengyinweizhangtianfushentilixing,yichayeshijianguancheshizhong,laolaicainengxiangyongmeidezhiguo,xinjingpinghe;cainenghuiguguowang,shishiguangmingleiluo;cainengzhidiyousheng: “wobushichawang,chawangyouqianqianwanwange,woshitaidou,taidouzhiyouyige。”

编辑: 王梦璐

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